Candle-making can be a delightful and aromatic journey, especially when you step up from the basic double boiler method to using a Presto Pot. A Presto Pot, which is essentially a modified deep fryer, is a game-changer in the craft of candle-making. It allows you to produce larger batches of candles—anywhere from 6 to over 20 at a time—efficiently blending wax, fragrance oils, and colors.
In this comprehensive guide, we'll walk you through the process of making your first batch of candles using a Presto Pot. Before we dive in, it's crucial to note that this guide assumes you have a basic understanding of safety testing, candle curing, wick selection, and measuring materials.
Step 1: Gather Your Supplies
To start, you'll need to assemble the main ingredients and utility items required for candle-making:
- Fragrance oil or essential oil
- Containers, molds, or clamshells
- Wick stickers
- Aluminum pour pot
- Wick holders or clothespins
- Stirring device (spatula or butterknife)
- Scale (for weight in grams or ounces)
Step 2: Measure Wax & Fragrance
First, determine the fragrance load—typically between 3-10%—and the capacity of your containers or molds. To calculate the capacity:
- Fill a container with water and weigh it (subtracting the container's weight)
- Multiply the water weight by 0.86 to convert to wax weight
Step 3: Calculate Amounts
You'll need to measure the total weight of wax needed and the corresponding amount of fragrance oil based on the number of candles you're making and their capacity.
Step 4: Melt the Wax
Place the required amount of wax into the Presto Pot and carefully monitor the temperature, ensuring not to exceed 200°F (93°C), or follow the specific requirements for your type of wax.
Step 5: Prepare Containers or Molds
For container candles, secure the wicks at the bottom and top. For molds, use non-stick lubricant and prepare the wicks accordingly.
Step 6: Weigh Fragrance Oil
Measure the fragrance oil in a non-porous container and set it aside.
Step 7: Monitor Wax Temperature
Bring the wax to 185°F (85°C) and make sure it's at the right temperature before adding any fragrance or color.
Step 8: Blend & Transfer
Decide whether you'll blend in the Presto Pot or in the aluminum pour pot. Combine the melted wax with the fragrance oil and color, stirring continuously.
Step 9: Pour
Pour the blend into the containers or molds, filling them up to 80% before topping them off.
Step 10: Curing & Testing
Allow the candles to cure properly, and conduct any necessary tests if you're trying out new designs.
Embracing the Presto Pot for candle-making can significantly enhance your efficiency and open up a world of creative possibilities. If you're keen to deepen your understanding of soy wax candle-making, consider enrolling in our Soy Wax Candle Making Fundamentals course.
Remember, whether you're a seasoned chandler or just starting, the key to perfect candle-making lies in patience, precision, and passion for the craft. Now, with these steps in hand, you're ready to turn the heat up on your candle-making skills!